Goddess Durga is a form of Shakti and is believed to be the deity of vengeance and victory. In Sanskrit Durga means as the one who is indomitable and cannot be conquered. The origin of goddess Durga is related to the terror of demon Mahishasura. It was to end this demon that goddess Durga incarnated and received great weapons and powers from all the gods. Many a times the goddess is hailed as the mother of the Universe. Given below are few mantras dedicated to the goddess.
Ya Devi Sarva Bhutesu Maa rupena samsthitaa I
Ya Devi Sarva Bhutesu Shakti rupena samsthitaa I
Ya Devi Sarva Bhutesu Buddhi rupena samsthitaa I
Ya Devi Sarva Bhutesu Laxmi rupena samsthitaa I
Namestasyai II Namestasyai II Namestasyai II
II Namo Namah II
You are the divine goddess who is the mother of the universe looking after her children. You reside in the form of Shakti which is the ultimate power and energy. O mother you reside in the form of wisdom and also in the form of wealth. We bow to you the greatest mother and continuously do so.
Jagdamb Vichitramatra Kim Paripoorna Karunaasti Chenmayi I
Aparadha Parampara Param Na Hi Mata Samupekshate Sutam II
O mother of the world Jagdamba, you are the one who looks after her children. Your love and kindness towards me is no surprise O mother goddess. Being a mother you forget all our sins and correct us without abandoning your children.
Sarvasyaarti harey Devi
Greetings to you O mother Durga, you are the one who brings all the downtrodden under her shelter. You look after the interests of the distressed by taking them in your refuge. Namaskar to you O Devi who removes the afflictions of everyone.
Aapatsu Magnah Smaranam Tvadeeyam Karomi Durge Karunarna Veshi I
Naitaccha Thatvam Mum Methah Kshudhartrisharta Jananim Smaranti II
O kindhearted goddess Durga, please forgive me if I recall your name after facing afflictions and not before it. Do not consider me a deceitful rogue as all children call out to their mothers when they are hurt and troubled.
Gayatri Mantra is regarded as the foremost mantra in Hindu belief. It is believed to be the mother of all mantras and is recited by millions of people to gain spiritual solace and enlightenment. This popular mantra is found in the Vedic texts and since ancient times is believed to be a powerful chant which enables a person to gain wisdom and follow a righteous path. The significance of the mantra lies in the fact that this simple mantra is dedicated to both the Sun god as well as goddess Gayatri (mother of the Vedas) who is closely associated with goddess Saraswati. Mentioned below is the Gayatri mantra with its meaning. The mantra is often referred to as the "Mantra of spiritual light".
Aum bhoor bhuwah swaha,
Tat savitur varenyam
Bhargo devasaya dheemahi
Dhiyo yo naha prachodayat
The summary of the Gayatri Mantra is that may the lord guide us towards the righteous path, enlightening us by removing our ignorance. O Almighty Lord may we pray to you, who is the embodiment of spiritual energy, remover of all suffering, who bequeaths all happiness to us, who is the manifestation of knowledge and light. To you O lord, O great spiritual light we pray to illuminate our minds with intellect and wisdom by removing our sins and acts of ignorance.
Goddess Kali is the ferocious avatar of Devi Shakti, born to remove the terror of demons from earth. The name of goddess Kali is derived from the Sanskrit root 'kal' meaning time. The goddess is believed to be the slayer of all ego a human being possesses. She is hence the goddess of death responsible for killing the ego of a man. The goddess is revered across the country but her popularity is unmatched in the state of West Bengal. Here the goddess is revered in each and every household of a Bengali. The Mantra dedicated to goddess Kali is believed to take one to a different spiritual plane and is specially recited by Yogis during meditation.
Aum Eim Hreem Kleem Sheem Kaaleeshwari
Sarva Jana Mano haarini Sarva mukha Stambhini
Sarba raaj vash karee sarva dushta Nirdalani
Sarva Stree Purushaa Karshinee
vadhee Shrinkhalaa Strotaya Trotaya
Sarva Shatroon Bhanjaya
Bhanjaya Dvesheen Nirdalaya Sarvaan
Stambhaya Stambhaya Mohnaa Strena
Dveshina Muchaataya Uchaataya
Sarvam vasham karu karu svaaha
Dehi dehi sarvaa Kaal raatri Kaamini
Goddess Lakshmi is the consort of Sri Hari Vishnu, and is known to be the deity of wealth. The goddess grants her believers wealth, prosperity and fortune but never promotes materialism. The powerful goddess is one of the most popular household goddess and is prayed to widely across the country and beyond. Reciting the mantras dedicated to the goddess is a unique way of praying to mother Maha Lakshmi. Find out the Sanskrit mantras with their meanings here.
"Om Sri Maha Lakshmyai Namah"
This simple mantra is often chanted by people in their day to day course of work. The chant simply means salutations to O great goddess Maha Lakshmi, the goddess of fortune and wealth.
"Sarvagyay Sarvavarday Sarvadushtbhaydkree
Sarvadukhaharay Devi Mahalakshmi Namostutay"
O divine Goddess Ma Lakshmi, nothing is hidden from you. You grant all favors to your children removing all miseries from their lives and on the other hand are fearsome for the evil. Accept my salutations O auspicious goddess.
"Padnaasanstithay Devi Parbrahmaswaroopeene
Parmashree Jaganmatra Mahalakshmi Namostutay"
O mother Lakshmi you are like supreme Brahman and reside in the hearts of all your devotees. O Devi you are the mother of the entire Universe and to you I offer all my respects and salutations.
"Sthulsukshmay Maharodray Mahashakti Mahodray
Mahapapharay Devi Mahalakshmi Namostutay"
You know it all O mother goddess, nothing is hidden from you. O mother you are the one who removes all the sins and grant boons. O propitious goddess I bow to you, accept my salutations.
The consort of Lord Brahma, Ma Saraswati is the goddess of knowledge and the arts. It is believed that she is the creative manifestation of Lord Brahma who is the creator of the Universe. The goddess is also known as Vakdevi or the goddess of speech. It is she who endows all human beings with wisdom, arts, and intellect. The four armed goddess plays the Veena with her two hands and in the other two hands holds the lotus flower and the holy Vedas. It is she who is believed to be the mother of the four Vedas. The goddess is particularly revered by students, teachers, scholars and educationists. Given below is the mantra dedicated to goddess Saraswati with its meaning.
Yaa Kundendu tushaara haaradhavala, Yaa shubhravastravritha I
Yaa veenavara dandamanditakara, Yaa shweta padmaasana II
Yaa brahmaachyutha shankara prabhritibhir Devaisadaa Vanditha I
Saa Maam Paatu Saraswatee Bhagavatee Nihshesha jaadyaapahaa II
The mantra is a plea to goddess Saraswati by her devotee. O fair and beautiful faced like the jasmine color moon goddess, the one whose neck is adorned by the pure white garland like the glacial dew drops; who is dressed beautifully in pure white attire; in whose radiant arms rests the Veena; who sits on the pure white lotus; and is enveloped by all the gods, may this mother goddess protect me. Relieve me of all ignorance and sluggishness O Ma Saraswati.
Santoshi Maa Mantra
Yaa Devi Sarvabhutesu
Santoshi Rupena Samsthitaa
Namastasyei Namo Namaha